English & EAL

Part 2 – Metalanguage word bank for films

by
Lisa Tran

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Metalanguage is language that describes language.  In films, we also need to consider cinematography – the technical side in the making of the film. For a detailed discussion, see What is metalanguage?

Genre

  • Adventure
  • Anime
  • Biographical
  • Cartoon
  • Comic
  • Crime
  • Cult
  • Epic
  • Epistolary
  • Fantasy
  • Historical
  • Horror
  • Independent
  • Musical
  • Mystery
  • Philosophical
  • Political
  • Romance
  • Satire
  • Science fiction
  • Supernatural
  • Thriller
  • War film
  • Western

Narrative mode

  • Alternating narrative view
  • Ellipsis
  • First
  • Linear narrative
  • Narrator
  • Nonlinear narrative
  • Second person view
  • Third person limited
  • Third person objective
  • Third person omnipresent
  • Third person
  • Third person view
  • Voice-over

Narrative tense

  • Past
  • Present
  • Future

Character

  • Antagonist
  • False protagonist
  • Major character
  • Minor character
  • Protagonist
  • Secondary character
  • Supporting character

Plot

  • Anti-climax
  • Climax
  • Conflict
  • Denouement
  • Dialogue
  • Exposition
  • Subplot
  • Trope-cliché
  • Turning point

Setting

  • Culture
  • Historical
  • Geographical
  • Social
  • Dystopia
  • Utopia

Shot type

  • Aerial shot
  • Bridging shot
  • Close-up shot
  • Dolly shot
  • Extreme long shot
  • Long shot
  • Master shot
  • Medium shot
  • Over-the-shoulder shot
  • Point-of-view shot
  • Pull back shot
  • Shot-reverse shot

Camera lens

  • Normal lens
  • Telephoto lens
  • Wide-angle lens

Camera movement

  • Camera rotation
  • Crane
  • Pan
  • Rack focus
  • Shaking
  • Tilt
  • Tracking
  • Zooming

Lighting

  • Artificial lighting
  • Backlighting
  • Backlighting
  • Fill light
  • Frontal lighting
  • High-key lighting
  • Key light
  • Lighting intensity
  • Low-key lighting
  • Natural lighting
  • Side lighting
  • Three-point lighting
  • Top lighting
  • Under-lighting

Mise-en-Scene

  • Blocking
  • Framing
  • Offscreen space

Sound

  • Dialogue
  • Music
  • Sound effects

Editing

  • Continuity cut
  • Cross-cutting
  • Cut
  • Jump cut
  • Match cut
  • Montage

Optical effects

  • Fade-in
  • Wipe
  • Dissolve

Focus

  • Iris in
  • Iris out
  • Rack focusing

Other cinematic techniques

  • Active voice
  • Adaptation
  • Allegory
  • Alliteration
  • Allusion
  • Ambivalence
  • Ambiguity
  • Antithesis
  • Antonyms
  • Bildungsroman
  • Characterisation
  • Cliffhanger
  • Colloquialism
  • Complex sentence
  • Compound sentence
  • Connotation
  • Context
  • Contextual framework
  • Denouement
  • Diachronic
  • Dialect
  • Dialogue
  • Elision
  • English (American)
  • English (Australian)
  • Enjambment
  • Epiphany
  • Euphemism
  • Flash back
  • Flash forward
  • Foreshadowing
  • Formal
  • Hyperbole
  • Idiom
  • Imagery
  • Informal
  • Intonation
  • Irony
  • Juxtaposition
  • Lamb
  • Metaphor
  • Meter
  • Mood
  • Morphemes
  • Motif
  • Neologism
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Oxymoron
  • Paradox
  • Parody
  • Passive voice
  • Pathos
  • Periphrasis
  • Personification
  • Pitch
  • Positioning
  • Prefix
  • Rhetoric
  • Rhythm
  • Simile
  • Simple sentence
  • Slang
  • Soliloquy
  • Stereotype
  • Symbols
  • Synonyms
  • Tautology
  • ToneTragedy
  • Vernacular

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